All of our vintage watches are sold in good working order. Most have been serviced by our watchmaker, or in some cases were recently serviced elsewhere and have passed our watchmaker’s inspection. Servicing normally includes complete disassembly, cleaning, oiling of the watch movement and timing and adjustment upon reassembly. If during reassembly any parts show excessive wear the watchmaker will replace them with new original parts (if available), will find parts from another vintage movement or will sometimes make a part by hand. The outer case may be lightly buffed to remove surface scratches, and if required a replacement crystal installed. An original dial showing some patina and age marks that still looks nice will be left alone, but often the aging process has gone beyond looking nice and in these cases the dial will be professionally refinished (we always indicate if a dial has been refinished in our description). Most of our restored old watches are fitted with new leather straps. In short you will receive a magnificent looking antique timepiece that has been fully restored to its original condition.